Efficient Loading of cisplatin into Superabsorbent Polymer Microsphere in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

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Kenji Ikeda
Masahiro Kobayashi
Yusuke Kawamura
Taito Fukushima
Yushi Sorin
Hideo Kunimoto
Tetsuya Hosaka
Satoshi Saitoh
Hitomi Sezaki
Norio Akuta
Fumitaka Suzuki
Yoshiyuki Suzuki
Yasuji Arase
Hiromitsu Kumada

Abstract

Background: Although Superabsorbent Polymer (SAP) microsphere has been useful in treatment of multiple and large hepatocellular carcinoma, efficient loading procedure of cisplatin onto SAP was not established. Loading efficiency of cisplatin was evaluated from the viewpoint of passive concentration gradient and ionic strength. Methods: To load cisplatin into SAP particle, 50mg of cisplatin powder was dissolved in three manners of aqueous solutions: (a) 50mg of cisplatin powder plus 35ml of warmed physiological saline solution (0.9%), (b) 5ml of physiological saline solution (0.9%) plus a half of solution (5ml) of the product made from 50mg of cisplatin powder in 10ml of iohexol 350mgI/ml, and (c) 10ml of iohexol 350mgI/ml plus 0.25ml of 10% NaCl solution Results: Cisplatin dissolved sufficiently in all the three methods. Average amounts of loaded cisplatin into SAP particles were 1.7mg in solution (a), 6.6mg in solution (b), and 11.8mg in solution (c). Since alteration of ionic strength in the method (c) significantly affect the extent of SAP swelling, addition of 0.25ml of 10% NaCl was unquestionably necessary. Release of cisplatin from SAP was evidently gradual, showing 83.1% after 6 hours in static elution experiment and 68.6% after 1 hour in dynamic elution experiment. Conclusions: Cisplatin-loaded SAP may act as a drug delivery system for treatment of liver cancer, and loading of cisplatin should be consciously performed considering cisplatin concentration and ionic strength. (225words)

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Research Article